*Glutamine is produced in the muscles and is distributed by the blood to the organs that need it. Glutamine might help gut function, the immune system, and other essential processes in the body, especially in times of stress. It is also important for providing "fuel" (nitrogen and carbon) to many different cells in the body.Glutamine is used in treatment of injuries, trauma, burns, and treatment-related side effects of cancer, as well as in wound healing for postoperative patients. As a supplement, it is used for muscle growth in weightlifting, bodybuilding, endurance, and other sports. Glutamine is the most abundant naturally occurring, nonessential amino acid in the human body, and one of the few amino acids that can directly cross the blood–brain barrier. Glutamine circulates in the blood, as well as stored in the skeletal muscles. It becomes conditionally essential (requiring intake from food or supplements) in states of illness or injury.
Glutamine plays a role in a variety of biochemical functions:
~ Protein synthesis, as any other of the 20 proteinogenic amino acids
~Regulation of acid-base balance in the kidney by producing ammonium
~Cellular energy, as a source, next to glucose
~Nitrogen donation for many anabolic processes, including the synthesis of purines
~Carbon donation, as a source, refilling the citric acid cycle
~Nontoxic transporter of ammonia in the blood circulation
Dosage: This varies widely, it is best to consult a doctor for dosage. Especially for those with impaired Kidney or Liver.